4º ESO



PRESENT SIMPLE/PRESENT CONTINUOUS

1) Use

Simple PresentPresent Progressive/Continuous
repeated actions, habitsactions happening at the moment of speaking or around the moment of speaking
fixed arrangements, scheduled events (e.g. timetable)fixed plan in the near future
sequence of actions in the present (first - then, after that) and instructionstemporary actions

2) Signal words

Simple PresentPresent Progressive/Continuous
always, often, usually, sometimes, seldom, never, every day, every week, every year, on Mondaysnow, at the moment, Look!, Listen!

3) Form

Simple PresentPresent Progressive/Continuous
infinitive
3rd person singular: infinitive + -s


play football.
He playfootball.
to be (amareis) + infinitive + -ing


am playing football.
He is playing football.


EXERCISES
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progressive.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progressive2.htm
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simpre-prepro/exercises


PAST SIMPLE/PAST CONTINUOUS

 1) Use

Simple PastPast Progressive
action finished in the past (single or repeated)action was in progress at a special time in the past
series of completed actions in the pasttwo actions were happening at the same time (the actions do not influence each other)

2) Form

Simple PastPast Progressive
regular verbs: infinitive + -ed
irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs

played football.
(was or were) + infinitive + -ing


I was playing football.

EXERCISES
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_progressive2.htm


PRESENT PERFECT -  PAST SIMPLE


1) Use

Present PerfectSimple Past
Result of an action in the past is important in the presentaction finished in the past
Recently completed actionsseries of completed actions in the past
Actions beginning in the past and still continuingtogether with the Past Progressive/Continuous - The Simple Past interrupted an action which was in progress in the past.
together with lately, recently, yet

2) Signal words

Present PerfectSimple Past
just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, foryesterday, last week, a month ago, in 2002

3) Form

Present PerfectSimple Past
have/has + past participle
have played football.
regular verbs: infinitive + ed
irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs

I  played football.

EXERCISES
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/ppvpast1.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_present_perfect.htm
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1496
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/past-simple-present-perfect-1.html
http://www.curso-ingles.com/ejercicios-test-ingles/present-perfect-past-simple.php

FOR/SINCE/AGO 
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/since_for.htm

ALREADY/JUST/YET/STILL
http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/es/grammar-reference/just-yet-still-already
http://autoenglish.org/gr.presper.i.htm
http://baladre.info/english/sedaviwebfront/yetstill2.htm





FUTURE TENSES 

Simple Present
Present Progressive
Be going to
Future simple
(will+ infinitive)
future action is fixed (e.g. timetable)
planned action in the near future
planned action in the future;
logical consequence (sth. is going to happen)
predictions,  
sudden decisions
spontaneous action
The train leaves at 6.45.
I am going to a party tonight.
We are going to fly to Leeds in summer.
He will carry this bag for you.
E       
         
          EXERCISES
            http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs18.htm


Comparative and superlative
            http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/superlativecomparative.html



RELATIVE CLAUSES

    Relative pronouns- filling in. 
         
            Relative pronoun - necessary or not?
            http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?10
         
           Relative sentences - joining.
            http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?09
            http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?08

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
           http://www.grammarbank.com/indefinite-pronouns-exercise.html


CONDITIONAL SENTENCES


If- clause
Main clause
TYPE 1

present simple

Future simple
(will + infinitive)
TYPE 2

past simple

Conditional simple
(would + infinitive)
TYPE 3
past perfect
(had + p.p.)
Conditional perfect
(would have + p.p.)

                           http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/if_clauses/mix3.htm   
                           http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/if_clauses/multiple_choice2.htm




THE PASSive voice


mixed
RePORTED SPEECH
     
     REPORTING STATEMENTS

     
     REPORTING questionS 
        
     reporting requests, commands,...

     mIxed